Top 30 Terms to Know in Cable Manufacturing

We’ve made a list of the top 30 terms to know in cable manufacturing as below.

  1. Charge – the amount of electricity in a condenser or conductor
  2. Active Current – measured in watts, the active current is the component of current in phase with the voltage
  3. Breakdown Voltage – the voltage at which the insulation between two conductors deteriorates
  4. Rated Temperature– the highest temperature at which a component can operate for a long period of time without losing functionality
  5. Ampacity or Current Carrying Capacity– the maximum current, measured in amperes, a conductor can carry without overheating or exceeding its temperature ratings
  6. BareConductor – a type of conductor made up of groups of wires to form a single component
  7. Cable Filler – material used to fill a cable so that it is round and durable, while providing conductor spacing in order to meet industry standards
  8. AWG– abbreviation for American Wire Gauge
  9. Area of Conductor– The size of a conductor cross section measured in circular mils, square, etc..
  10. Braid – a group of fibrous or metallic filaments woven into a covering over one or more wires
  11. Cabling– The twisting together of two or more insulated conductors to form a cable.
  12. Color code– A system for circuit identification through use of solid colors and contrasting tracers.
  13. Insulation– a material with a strong resistance to the flow of electricity and is used to separate close electrical components
  14. Flex Life – the amount that a cable or conductor can be repeatedly bent without breaking
  15. Jacket – also known as a sheath, the jacket is the outer protective covering of a wire or cable, typically made from plastic or elastomer
  16. Connector– A device used to physically and electrically connect two or more conductors.
  17. Continuity Check–A test to determine whether electricity current flows continuously throughout the length of a single wire or individual wires in a cable.
  18. Tinning– the process of covering wire in molten tin, to help aid in soldering and prevent corrosion
  19. Harness – an arrangement of cables and wires, typically with many breakouts, that have been pulled together into a jacket or sheath in order to interconnect a circuit
  20. Current-Carrying Capacity– the maximum current, measured in amperes, a cable or conductor can carry without overheating or exceeding the jacket temperature rating
  21. Dielectric– an insulating material that allows electrostatic attraction and repulsion between two conductors
  22. Leakage Current– the unwanted passage of current through or over an insulator
  23. Moisture Resistance– a material’s ability to avoid absorbing moisture from the air or when it is submerged in water
  24. Shield– a metallic layer, such as a tape, serve or braid, around a conductor to prevent leakage current, and to prevent interference between the enclosed wire and external jacket
  25. Shock Test– this test is intended to determine the durability of a cable through harsh physical movement and concussion, which may occur during use
  26. Abrasion Resistance – a wire or cable’s durability and resistance to wear over time
  27. Crimp Termination – a solderless electrical connection typically used on stranded wire
  28. Splice – used to join two different wires together either by soldering or crimping; it is important to know what kind of splice is needed for your application
  29. Heat Shrink Tubing – is used to insulate wires, joints, and terminals, and can provide abrasion resistance and environmental protection
  30. Drawing– In wire manufacturing, pulling the metal through a die or series of dies to reduce diameter to a predetermined usable size.

For more information about cable manufacturing or electronic device manufacturing, reach out to the experts at Shen Zhen Cables Connection. You can reach us at 86-13714676004, or online at